Recommendations for travelers
the different province or district health authorities for
recommendations to implement individual protection, prevention and
control measures (such as vaccines, use of mosquito nets etc.)
· If necessary, locate vaccination sites and apply vaccines or medicines needed, according to region to visit.
· Conduct prior vaccination (10 days minimum before entering the risk area in the case of yellow fever).
· Request information about contraindications and possible side effects.
despite being a country with endemic malaria areas, has no
recommendation for use of preventive treatment (chemoprophylaxis)
· Have access to health insurance for care if required.
· Ensure that children meet the required vaccination schedule.
Take food hygiene measures related to:
· Use appropriate clothing.
· Use solar radiation and insect protection.
· Follow healthy eating habits (bottled water and hygienic food sites).
· Use insecticide-treated materials (bednets) and repellents.
· Avoid exposure to insects in their peak hours.
· Use condoms to prevent STDs.
· Always carry with you the vaccination papers.
· Monitor for the first two weeks after the trip, on you or your companions, the onset of symptoms and signs of communicable and prevalent diseases of the place visited.
· In the event of the appearance of any symptoms:
· Avoid self-medication.
· Visit a health center immediately.
Protective and hygienic measures in international travel
· Use appropriate clothing and footwear: sleeves and long pants, avoid dark colors which attract mosquitoes.
· Avoid exposure to mosquito bites in the hours where they are most active (at dawn and dusk).
· Use sun protection mechanisms (sunscreen, sunglasses, hats).
· Wash hands frequently with soap and water.
Acute respiratory illness
· When coughing or sneezing, cover your nose and mouth with a tissue or cloth. If one is not available, cover with your arm; do not use your hand.
· Keep places well ventilated by opening windows of the rooms or environments where you are staying, and in vehicles you are riding (taxis, cars, buses etc.).
Food and Water
· Avoid raw foods (seafood, salads, unpeeled or unwashed fruit).
· Eat in clean and healthy places; avoid eating food that is sold on the street.
· Drink only bottled water; avoid ice cubes.
· Pay special attention to milk, pastries and ice cream due to their easy contamination.
· The waters of lakes and rivers in tropical areas may be contaminated with larvae that penetrate the skin and cause disease.
· Only swimming pools with chlorinated water are safe.
· Bathing in salt water does not, in principle, pose a risk of diseases.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
· The most effective way to prevent STDs is with the use of condoms.